Friday, November 16, 2012

Goldfinger (1964) - Sean Connery at the Top of his Game

Goldfinger with James Bond 007 as Played by Sean Connery

Original poster Goldfinger 1964
The iconic "Goldfinger" poster.

"Goldfinger" (1964) is the best-remembered film in the James Bond series, and for good reason. It follows British secret agent James Bond (Sean Connery), license to kill 007, as he foils a plot to plunge the world into financial chaos. "Goldfinger" was directed by Guy Hamilton for Eon Productions, the company of Canadian Harry Saltzman and American Albert R. "Cubby" Broccoli. "Goldfinger" set the standard for action/adventure crime thrillers that the first two film in the series had established.

Goldfinger 1964
Gert Frobe, Sean Connery and a laser.

German actor Gert Frobe is Goldfinger, a villain obsessed with gold and who covets it so much that he doesn't want anyone else to have any. In brief, the film covers the attempt by Goldfinger, who is obsessed by gold, to corner the market on that precious metal. It is up to James Bond to try and stop him. Along the way, Bond spars with Goldfinger and plays a cat-and-mouse game with the villain that he almost can't escape.

Goldfinger banner
Margaret Nolan, not Shirley Eaton, is the golden girl in the film posters.

This film is visually striking in several different ways. Aside from all the beautiful women that became a Bond trademark, you have scenic shots of Miami Beach to open the film, vistas of Fort Knox and the men that guard it, a car crusher scene that lives on in infamy, and several aerial establishing shots. It all makes for a visual feast.

Gert Frobe Goldfinger 1964
Goldfinger busy cheating at cards.

Sean Connery really set the mark for those brave enough to follow him in the James Bond role. Roger Moore was in several more films than Connery, but he never gets the same respect. David Niven was Ian Fleming's choice, and Niven actually did play Bond in "Casino Royale" (1967), but he was too old by the time the franchise picked up steam to play an agent in his prime.

Harold Sakata Oddjob Goldfinger
Harold Sakata as Oddjob.

Flashy spy adventures, of course, were all the rage in the 1960s, with "Flint," "Bond" and "The Prisoner." Some would say that the Bond films started the whole trend, but the roots go a bit deeper. Cary Grant playing an advertising executive forced into the spy game in Alfred Hitchcock's "North By Northwest" (1959), the film that really popularized the genre. James Bond cars became all the rage during the 1960s.

Honor Blackman as Pussy Galore in Goldfinger
Honor Blackman plays Goldfinger's top henchwoman.

Gert Frobe uttered the immortal "No, Mr. Bond, I expect you to die!" line at a key point, cementing his place in Bond lore. Harold Sakata, as Goldfinger's henchman "Oddjob," set the standard for such roles throughout the entire Bond series. He must be ranked with the top Bond henchmen of all time, along with Richard Kiel over a decade later at "Jaws." Honor Blackman is epic as the classic henchwoman, ably filling the shoes of Rosa Klebs in the previous year's "From Russia with Love."

Margaret Nolan as Binky in Goldfinger
"Binky" Margaret Nolan didn't say much, but then, she didn't have to.

You may see many more pictures of the Golden Girl on my separate Margaret Nolan Tribute page. Sean Connery truly was at the top of his game in this film. This was his best role, and this was his best portrayal of James Bond. After this, you could see the first faint stirrings of boredom with the role. Ultimately, he voluntarily gave it up to focus on other projects, at which he also did a fine job.
Honor Blackman as Pussy Galore in Goldfinger
"Coffee, tea or getting thrown out of the plane?"

Even then, everyone knew the power of the Bond franchise. Honor Blackman quit her role on "The Avengers" to star in this film (or so the story goes) and was replaced by Diana Rigg (who also later became a Bond girl, of course). Blackman was one of the oldest Bond girls, and perhaps partly for that reason more than held her own opposite Sean Connery.

Margaret Nolan
That is Shirley Eaton on the bed.

This film also solidified the "Bond girl" phenomenon. While there had been plenty of fine women in the two previous instalments, here they seemed to be everywhere, from the female pilots tasked with assaulting Fort Knox to Bond's eternal admirer, Miss Moneypenny (Lois Maxwell, who had been in the first two films as well) to Margaret Nolan and Shirley Eaton.

Sean Connery Nolan
James Bond awakens to an unexpected sight.

The role of a Bond girl in the '60s was to look good, not to talk. Nolan had a tiny role as Bond's masseuse, Binky, and was onscreen only for a matter of seconds. She appeared everywhere in the promotion of the film, however, and really helped sell the film. The famous "golden girl" Shirley Eaton, the one who as helping Goldfinger cheat at cards but then got distracted by Bond and made Goldfinger lose. She likewise appeared only briefly, but lives on in film history.

Sean Connery Nolan
Shirley Eaton in the background.

Everybody is familiar with "Goldfinger." When people want to caricature Bond, this is the place that they start, since the storyline is the first that adopted an almost campy, swaggering tone in places. The 1967 "Casino Royale" parody is a case in point. You don't parody something unless it has a lot going for it.

Sean Connery white tuxedo Goldfinger
Sean Connery as James Bond - the epitome of elegance.

The theme composed by John Barry and sung by Shirley Bassey (the first of three Bond themes she would do) is one of the best. We will see many of the ingredients of this film, from the menacing henchman to the cute girls to the funky gadgets, in subsequent instalments. While the Bond series may have been popular before this film, afterwards its fame skyrocketed and led to the 20+ sequels.

Below are original film trailers:


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